India is on the Fast Track to achieving its sustainable development goals with every state working hard to fulfil the goals needed to achieve this target. Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Tamilnadu have emerged as the top-performing states in the country with a score of 69 on the Sustainable Development Goals India index released by the Niti Ayog and the United Nation. The index evaluated the progress of the states in social, economic and environmental terms.
Sustainable Development Goals India Index
- On Zero hunger parameters Goa, Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland world top performers among the union territories Chandigarh took the lead with 68 points because of its exemplary performance in providing clean water and sanitation to people.
- According to the Sustainable Development goal India index, the nation as a whole has a score of 58 with this the country has managed to cross the Halfway mark in meeting the sustainable development goals.
- India's Sustainable Development Goals report India has also become the first country to present a report measuring Sustainable Development Goals goals at a sub-National level. Sustainable Development Goals index is a comprehensive index to measure the progress of states and union territories through a single measurable index.
- The index took into account 13 out of 17 goals specified by the United Nations including Healthcare, gender equality, Clean Energy, infrastructure education and peace.
- Under the index, States will be monitored on a real-time basis across 62 of 306 indicators outlined by the United Nations.
- The first baseline report for 2018 was prepared with the support of the United Nations in India.
- The index is part of transforming our the 2030 agenda for sustainable development which was adopted by hundred and ninety-three member states at the historic United Nations General Assembly summit in September 2015.
- Sustainable Development Goals is an ambitious commitment made by world leaders embracing economic, environmental and social aspects of the well being of society. India played a prominent role in the formulation of Sustainable Development Goals.
The idea of sustainable development arose with the realisation that in the pursuit of development we done extensive damage to our environment. the United Nations in 2016 stepped sustainable development goals, targets that are to be accomplished by the year 2030. these goals seek to build on the millennium development goals that were set back in the year 2000 and complete what did not achieve earlier.
Despite Rapid urbanisation and industrialisation the fruits of development have not been able to reach all, hence initiative has been taken at both National and international level in this regard. the United Nations took a lead and its 193 members gather on 25th of September 2015 in New York to adopt the 2030 agenda for sustainable development.
Sustainable development and tackling climate change go hand in hand. its says to ensure people don't go hungry there is a need to protect the food systems, to ensure sustainable cities there is the need to protect them from Storms of the flood, does action on climate change is necessary for sustainable development. as part of the sustainable development, agenda countries adopted a set of goal to end poverty protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all.
Each goal has a specific target to be achieved over the next 15 years. these are no poverty, zero hunger, good health and wellbeing for people, quality education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable and Clean Energy, decent work and economic growth, industry Innovation and infrastructure growth, reduced inequalities, sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production that is using eco friendly production method and reducing the amount of waste, action on climate change, conserving our oceans Seas and Marine resource,protect editorial ecosystems forest ensuring peace justice and strong Institutions, partnership for achieving goals however the government need to work proactively in order to achieve these target.
The Sustainable development goals replace the millennium development goals which in September 2000 rallied the world around the common 15-year agenda to tackle the indignity of poverty. however, the sustainable development goals go far beyond the millennium development goals in scope. alongside continue and development priority such as poverty, eradication, health, education and food security and nutrition it sets out a wide range of economic social and environmental objective. it all defines the means of implementation. UNDP said that by giving a target for sustainable development there will be added pressure on the government to work on them.
The World sustainable development Summit 2018 held in February this year brought together Global leaders and thinkers in the fields of sustainable development energy and environment Sector on one common platform. at the Summit representative from over 40 countries got together to find answers to one questions and the most vital want what is sustainable development.
Increasing population, expanding cities, disappearing forest and shrinking natural habitats, the last few decades have seen the emergence of a debate over development that is also sustainable. on the one hand, there are those who argue that organisation, concrete buildings and expanding Roadways is the parameter for development but on the other is the group that argues that this expansion is akin to destroying the world. sustainable development is the balancing act between these two thought processes.
- Sustainable development essentially means that the needs of the future generations are not satisfied at the altar of mankind's current want.
- It includes removing poverty simplifying daily chores and improving the quality of life.
- Keeping in mind that we use only as many natural resources as can be replenished. the usage of natural resources needs to be moderated to save them for our future generations. it means that we take a breather and evaluate whether our race towards industrialisation is destroying the finer nuances of life.
Our Race For Development
- The modern concept of development begins with the invention of the engine in the 17th century.
- The industrial revolution century latest started depleting natural resources at a faster pace that could be replenished.
- By the 20th century, Industrialisation has seen as the only path towards economic growth and removing poverty. This led to an irreversible change in our environment.
Sustainable development is now a major pillar of international cooperation. the United Nations has built out goals in the area to fulfil these a global Framework is also being developed. the realisation might have come late but there is still time to reverse the impact that we have had on our planet not only government but the citizens of this world will also have to realise that the Earth resources belong to everyone even those who are not born yet and that will be the core value that we need to function with.
3 years ago governments of 193 countries agreed on an ambitious agenda to transform the world by the year 2030 adopting the sustainable development goals. the rain to ensure no one is left Behind and everyone benefits from development efforts. agenda 2030 is unprecedented in scope as well as significant and India is leaving no stone unturned in realising its commitment to these goals.
What Is India Doing To Achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2013
1. For Clean Fuel-
- India introduced BS-VI petrol and diesel.
- Delhi will be the first city to leapfrog from Euro-IV grade petrol and diesel to Euro-VI.
- 13 major cities including Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Pune will switch over to cleaner Euro-VI grade fuel from January 1st.
- Rest of the country will follow suit from April 2020.
- SC has ruled that BS-IV vehicles will not be sold after March 31, 2020.
2. No Plastic
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi pledged to eliminate all single-use plastic in the country by 2022 with an immediate ban in urban Delhi.
3. International Solar Alliance
- International Solar Alliance is a group of 121 solar resource-rich countries Headquartered in Gurugram in India.
- Aims to deploy over 1,000 Gigawatt of solar energy and mobilise more than USD 1,000 billion into solar power by 2030.
- Launched at the 2015 UN Climate Change Conference in Paris by PM Narendra Modi and French President Francois Hollande.
- Annual UN climate change conference, COP24 in Katowice on December 3 this year.
- Aims to provide clarity on how to implement the landmark agreement fairly and transparently for all.
- India made remarkable strides in the eradication of polio and the elimination of neonatal tetanus.
4. In the field of Health And Sanitation
- Progress on key health indicators such as infant and maternal mortality rates, as well as the reduction in the incidence of HIV, TB and malaria, helped India meet the Millennium Development Goals on health.
India investing significant resources towards ending open defecation by 2019 through the Swachh Bharat programme.
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