The 1984 riots is a dark chapter for India after 2 Sikh Bodyguard assassinated former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Thousands of Sikhs were killed, thousands were burnt alive, the houses were destroyed in Delhi and other cities. The mass killings over 3 days created depression among the Sikh community and three-decade letter the victims are left with deep scars from the memories of the Sikh riots.
Over the years victims fought for justice running from one court to the other. what Prolong fight for justice was that a majority of perpetrators of the 1984 riots enjoyed political patronage. A few of the accused who included some Congress leaders escape prosecution for years but on 17 December 2018 the Delhi High Court convicted one of them Sajjan Kumar in the case.
Sajjan Kumar was held guilty in the Killing of five people of a family in Raj Nagar area of Palam Colony in south-west Delhi on the intervening night of 1st and 2nd November 1984 as well as burning down the Gurdwara in the locality. the court sentenced to life imprisonment for criminal conspiracy to commit murder and directed him to surrender the 31st of December.
Describing the 1984 riots is a crime against humanity, the high court said although it took over three decades to punish the accused in the case. it was important to ensure the victim that truth will prevail and Justice will be done.
The Conviction of Sajjan Kumar by the Delhi High Court was welcomed by leaders across the political spectrum. Arun Jaitley expressed hope that is the culprit in the case would also be convicted.
On 29th March 2017, the high court issue show Cause notices to 11 accused in 5 other 1984 anti-Sikh riots cases which were earlier close. the matter is being heard by another division bench.
When the Narendra Modi government was formed at the centre in 2014. it rekindled the hope of justice in the families of victims of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. three decades on the families that had suffered due to the lack of justice enclosure hope. in 2015 the Modi government at the centre constituted in SIT to prove the multiple cases related to the 1984 riots giving a much-needed boost to the investigation that was going on.
For many families that survive the horror of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. the battle for justice has been going on for the past 34 years. the judgement that came on November 20th and then on December 17th has given renewed hope of justice to the families of the victim. in November the case in was riots in Delhi is Mahipalpur area. in this Yashpal Singh was given the death sentence this was the first time that the SIT Court pronounce the death sentence.
In 2015 the NDA government took an important step towards ensuring justice for the victims.
SIT Probing Cases
1984 ANTI-SIKH RIOTS Home Ministry constitutes SIT to re-examine 1984 riots case based on Justice GP Mathur Committee report.
Committee submitted a report to Home Minister Rajnath Singh in January 2015.
- The report says several cases need re-examination as evidence was not examined properly.
- SIT formed on February 12, 2015.
- 1984 ANTI-SIKH RIOTS SIT re-opens cases closed by Delhi Police in 1994.
- SIT merged with another headed by retired Justice SN Dhingra.
- SIT under Justice Dhingra formed to re-examine 186 cases.
- 1984 ANTI-SIKH RIOTS SIT gathers information about 650 incidents of rioting in Delhi-NCR.
- Of these SIT feels it can reopen 60.
- During investigations, SIT finds that in 52 cases no evidence, witnesses or facts are available.
- These 52 cases closed after that.
- In remaining 8 cases, SIT investigates and files Chargesheets in five; three cases still being probed.
In 34 years many Commission set up to investigate the rights cases here is some commission name with details.
- Marwah Commission
- Formed in Nov 1984, it was the first Commission to probe the riots.
- Ved Marwah, then Delhi Additional Commissioner of Police, headed it.
- Formed to ascertain the role of police in the riots.
- In 1985, Commission handed its report to Mishra Commission.
- Mishra Commission
- Appointed in May 1985.
- Headed by SC judge, Justice Ranganath Misra.
- Probe to decide if killings were a spontaneous or pre-planned conspiracy.
- Commission cleared all senior Congress leaders.
- Justice Mishra: Not part of terms of reference to identify any person.
- Nanavati Commission
- Formed in 2000 by then PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee Headed by retired SC Judge, Justice G.T. Nanavati.
- The commission submitted a report in Feb 2004.
- Nanavati Commission held senior Congress leaders responsible for anti-Sikh riots Report: Cong leaders Dharamdas Shastri,
- Jagdish Tytler, Sajjan Kumar incited the mob.
- Finding: Delhi Police remained passive.
- CBI registered FIR against Jagdish.
- Tytler after Nanavati Commission report Apr 2009: CBI filed a closure report, said prime witness Jasbir Singh was missing
- CBI gave a clean chit to Tytler.
- Jasbir Singh said he wasn’t questioned by СВІ.
- April 2009: Trial court set aside CBI’s closure report directing it to further. investigate May 2013: Trial court acquitted Sajjan Kumar in the case.